And Administration of the Sacraments, And Other Rites and Ceremonies of the Church,

    According to the Use of the Church of England: Together with the Psalter or Psalms

    of David, Pointed as they are to be sung or said in Churches.


Cambridge, Printed by John Archdeacon Printer to the University;

and Sold by John Beecroft, John Rivington, Benjamin White,

and Edward Dilly, in London; and T. & J. Merrill,

in Cambridge, 1771.

Bound Together with . . .



The Whole Book of Psalms, Collected into English Metre. 


By Thomas Sternhold, John Hopkins, and Others. 

Conferr'd with the Hebrew.





Cambridge: Printed by Joseph Bentham, Printer to the University,

by Whom They are Sold in Cambridge, and by Benj. Dod

Bookseller in Ave-Mary Lane, London 1758.



The Book of Common Prayer:

Influence on William Carey

Born and baptized into an Anglican home in 1761, William Carey was the son of Edmund Carey, a parish clerk and schoolmaster.  Brought up as an Anglican, Carey would have been familiar with the two most important books in English:  the King James Version of the Bible (first published, 1611) and The Book of Common Prayer, the leading English language liturgical guide to prayer, scripture reading, and religious devotion.  The importance of these two books on William Carey cannot be overstated.  After the founding of the British and Foreign Bible Society (i.e., BFBS) in 1804 by Dissenters, the dominance of these two Anglican books continued among people in the Established Church of England.  In 1810, a review of the potential conflict between the BFBS and Anglican Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge appeared in The Quarterly Review.  The issuefrom the Establishment point of viewwas whether the BFBS should have been formed and whether Establishment members (i.e., Anglicans) should belong to the BFBS.  In the course of the review, a pertinent passage (p. 74, p. 75) concerning the importance of the King James Version and The Book of Common Prayer appeared, which said,

At the present time then we stand with our Bible in one hand, and our Common Prayer in the other.  We must cast away neither.  Looking at both, indeed, we see the identity of their principles.  This is our strong ground.  Our Liturgy is drawn from the Scriptures, and we contend, that it may be resolved into them again by the soundest process of argument, and by the most exact tracing of authorities.  But, thus extracted from the Scriptures, it is to be for ever maintained, together with them, by all the true sons of the Church.  It is the external monument and test of our Establishment; and hence we are bound, in a peculiar degree, to maintain the Book of Common Prayer, and all the doctrines calculated for its support.  But by preferring the Bible alone to the Bible and Liturgy united, we return to the imperfect state in which we were before the completion of our Reformation.  This road, indeed, is open to Dissenters (p. 75).

In his role as parish clerk, Edmund Carey not only was responsible for advocating these two most important books, but also he had to maintain parish records related to church attendance and donations, baptism, marriage, death, deeds, and wills.  Most important for young William's upbringing, however, was Edmund's  responsibility to serve at the church altar and function as a lector in Sunday church services.  In Edmund's role as a lector, William would have heard his father read the King James Version, The Book of Common Prayer, and to lead the choir and congregants in singing and responsorial lessons from The Book of Common Prayer or a common hymnal such as The Whole Book of Psalms.  Such order was William Carey's formative religious instruction.

In Eustace Carey's Memoir of William Carey, D.D., (p. 5), William Carey conveys the content and method of his Anglican upbringing:

In the first fourteen years of my life, I had many advantages of a religious nature, but was wholly unacquainted with the scheme of salvation by Christ.  During this time I had many stirrings of mind, occasioned by my being often obliged to read books of a religious character; and having been accustomed, from my infancy, to read the Scriptures, I had a considerable acquaintance therewith, especially with the historical parts.  I also have no doubt but the constant reading of the Psalms, Lessons, & c., in the parish church, which I was obliged to attend regularly, tended to furnish my mind with a general Scripture knowledge.

The Book of Common Prayer:

History and Content, 1549-1771


The history of The Book of Common Prayer probably began with Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury, 1533-1556.  In 1549, Cranmer produced the first Book of Common Prayer.  Several revisions to Cranmer's work occurred between 1549 and Carey's early life in Northamptonshire, 1761-1780.  Some significant editions of the Book of Common Prayer include the following editions as presented by the Anglican Society of Archbishop Justus, which maintains an elaborate web page devoted to The Book of Common Prayer.

For histories of The Book of Common Prayer, click on the links below which are archived here:

Cambridge, 1771


Below are links to the Carey Center's full-text 1771 Cambridge edition of The Book of Common Prayer.  Please note that this edition is not paginated in the original copy, and this landscape edition is presented in Adobe format.


Title Page    4-5

The Contents of This Book,    6-7  

The Preface.    8-9

Concerning the Service of the Church.    10-11

Concerning Ceremonies    10-11    12-13

The Order how the Psalter is appointed to be read.  12-13

The Order how the rest of holy Scripture is appointed to be read.    12-13

Tables of Proper Lessons for the Sundays and Holy-days throughout the year.  14-15

A Table of Proper Psalms on certain Days.    14-15  

The Calendar, with the Table of Lessons.    16-17    18-19    20-21    22-23    24-25    26-27

Tables and Rules for the Feasts and Fasts throughout the year.    28-29    30-31    32-33    34-35    36-37

The Order for Morning Prayer    38-39    40-41    42-43    44-45    46-47   

The Order for Evening Prayer    48-49    50-51    52-53    54-55    56-57   

The Litany to be Sung or Said After Morning Prayer    58-59    60-61    62

Prayers and Thanksgivings on Several Occasions    63    64-65    66-67   

The Collects, Epistles, and Gospels to be Used Throughout the Year   

    Advent    68-69    70-71    72-73    74-75    76-77    78-79    80-81    82-83   

    Epiphany    84-85    86-87    88-89    90-91    92-93    94-95    96   

    Septuagesima    97    98

    Sexagesima    99    100

    Quinquagesima    100-101   

    Lent    101    102-103    104-105    106-107    108-109    110-111    112-113    114-115   

        116-117    118-119    120-121    122-123    124-125    126-127    128-129    130-131   

        132-133    134-135    136-137    138-139    140-141    142-143    144-145    146

    Easter    146-147    148-149    150-151    152-153    154-155    156-157    158-159   

    Ascension Day    158-159    160-161    162-163   

    Whit-Sunday    164-165    166-167    168

    Trinity Sunday (and afterward)    169    170-171    172-173    174-175    176-177   

        178-179    180-181    182-183    184-185    186-187    188-189    190-191   

        192-193    194-195    196-197    198

Holy Days for the Saints   

    St. Andrew    199

    St. Thomas the Apostle    200   

    The Conversion of St. Paul    201    202

    The Purification of St. Mary the Virgin    203    204-205    206

    St. Matthias    207    208-209   

    The Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary    208-209    210-211    212-213  

    St. Mark    212-213    214 

    St. Philip and St. James    215    216-217   

    St. Barnabas    216-217    218-219

    St. John Baptist     218-219    220-221   

    St. Peter    220-221    222-223    224-225    226

    St. James the Apostle    226-227   

    St. Bartholomew and St. Matthew Apostles    227    228

    St. Michael and All the Angels    228-229    230-231   

    St. Luke the Evangelist    231    232

    St. Simon and St. Jude, Apostles    232-233   

    All Saints Day    233    234-235   


The Order for the Administration of the Lord's Supper of Holy Communion.   

        236-237    238-239    240-241    242-243    244-245    246-247    248-249    250-251    252-253    254

    Rules for the Administration of the Lord's Supper and Denial of Real Presence.   252-253    254


The Administration of Publick Baptism of Infants.    254-255    256-257    258-259   

The Administration of Private Baptism of Children in Houses.    259    260-261    262-263    264-265   

The Administration of Baptism to such as are of riper years, and able to answer for themselves.    266-267    268-269    270-271   

A Catechism, that is to say, an Instruction to be learned of every Person, before he be brought to be confirmed by the Bishop.    272-273    274-275    276   

The Order of Confirmation, or laying on of hands upon those that are baptized, and come to years of discretion.    276-277    278   

The Form of Solemnization of Matrimony.    278-279    280-281    282-283    284  

The Order for the Visitation of the Sick.    285    286-287    288-289    290   

The Communion of the Sick.    291    292

The Order for the Burial of the Dead.    293    294-295    296-297    298-299

The Thanksgiving of Women after Child-birth commonly called, the Churching of Women.    298-299   

A Commination, or denouncing of God's anger and judgements against sinners, with certain Prayers to be used on the first day of Lent, and at other times, as the Ordinary shall appoint.    300-301    302-303    304


The Psalter or Psalms of DAVID, Pointed as they are to be sung or said in Churches.

    Psalms 1-50    305    306-307    308-309    310-311    312-313    314-315    316-317   

        318-319    320-321    322-323    324-325    326-327    328-329    330-331    332-333   

        334-335    336-337    338-339   

    Psalms 51-100    339    340-341    342-343    344-345    346-347    348-349    350-351   

        352-353    354-355    356-357    358-359    360-361    362-363    364-365    366-367   

        368-369    370-371    372-373    374-375   

    Psalms 101-150    375    376-377    378-379    380-381    382-383    384-385    386-387   

        388-389    390-391    392-393    394-395    396-397    398-399    400-401    402-403   

        404-405    406-407    408-409    410   


Forms of Prayer to be Used at Sea.    411    412-413    414-415    416

A Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving, to be used yearly upon the fifth day of November; for the happy Deliverance of King JAMES I, and the Three Estates of England, from the most traiterous and bloody intended Massacre by Gunpowder; and also for the happy arrival of his Majesty King WILLIAM on this day, for the Deliverance of our Church and Nation.    417    418-419    420-421   

A Form of Prayer with Fasting, to be used yearly upon the Thirtieth of January, being the day of the Martyrdom of the blessed King Charles I.    422-423    424-425    426-427    428

A Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving to Almighty God, for having put an end to the Great Rebellion, by the Restitution of the King and Royal Family, and the Restoration of the Government after many years interruption; which unspeakable mercies were wonderfully completed upon the Twenty ninth of May, in the year 1660; and in memory thereof, that day in every year is by Act of Parliament appointed to be for ever kept holy.    429    430-431    432-433    434

A Form of Prayer and Thanksgiving to Almighty God to be used in all Churches and Chapels within this Realm, every Year, upon the Twenty-fifth day of October; being Day on which His Majesty began his happy Reign.

435    436-437    438-439   

His Majesty's Declaration and Articles of Religion.    440-441    442-443    444-445    446-447    448-449    450-451    452-453    454


The Whole Book of Psalms, Collected into English Metre. 


By Thomas Sternhold, John Hopkins, and Others. 

Conferr'd with the Hebrew.


London, 1758.


Thomas Sternhold (d. 1549) was a court poet to Henry VIII, and composed about thirty biblical psalms for singing in common meter.  Sternhold described himself in Certayne Psalmes (ca. 1549) as "grome of the kynge’s Majesties roobes" (i.e., "groom of the king's Majesty's robes").   Later, John Hopkins added over sixty psalms to Sternhold's work, and by 1573, all 150 psalms had been set into form for singing.  More often than not during the late sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth centuries, Sternhold and Hopkins's work appeared along with The Book of Common Prayer.



1, 2, 3     4-8     8-13     13-18     18-20     20-23     24-27     27-31     31-35     35-37     37-40     40-44     44-48     48-50     50-51     51-56     56-60    60-65    65-68    68-70    71-73    73-76    76-78    78-80    80-84    84-88    88-89    89-93    94-97    97-102    102-104    104-105    105-107    107-109    109-114    114-118    118-119    119    119    119-124    125-132    132-136    136-139    139-144     144-148   149-150


Various Hymns and Prayers   

    Veni Creator; An Hymn before Sermon; The Humble Suit of a Sinner

    The Lamentation of a Sinner; Gloria Patri; A Table for the Whole Number of the Psalms

    A Table of the Psalms



Carey Center Home Page



Created:    April 22, 2005                Updated:    April 27, 2005