Portrait Gallery 

All text and images on this web site are the intellectual property under copyright by the Center for Study of the Life and Work of William Carey, D.D. (1761-1834).  Copying, reproducing, or reusing this material on web sites, electronic presentation, or publication is prohibited.  For those who wish to use materials herein, please contact one of the co-directors.

Click on a category below for portraits, engravings, and images.

William Carey

Joshua Marshman

William Ward

Baptist Missionary Society

Serampore, India

Missionary Personalities


Baptist Personalities: Great Britain, India, and America

British Personalities

Great Britain












William Carey


William Carey's Birthplace


William Carey's Birthplace (View 2)


Early Home of William Carey in England


Early Home of William Carey in England (View 2)


Modern View of Paulerspury


Carey's "College," Hackleton


William Carey as a Schoolmaster in England


Carey's Cottage and School, Piddington


Carey's Cottage and School (View 2)


Carey in His Workshop


Carey, the Cobbler in his Workshop


Victorian Images of Carey and His World Represented in America


William Carey's House in Leicester, England


William Carey, Missionary to Bengal and Member of "Serampore Trio"


William Carey with Signature

(from Eustace Carey, Memoir of William Carey, D.D., with an Introductory Essay by Jeremiah Chaplin, D.D. (Hartford: Canfield and Robins, 1837). 


"I am very affectionately yours, W Carey"

(detail image of William Carey's handwriting)


Carey Distributing Books in India


William Carey Window, First Baptist Church, Washington, D.C.

Photo, courtesy, Dr. Jason Coker


William Carey Baptizes Krishna Pal, Carey's First Indian Convert


William Carey, D.D.


William Carey at Age Fifty


William Carey at Age Sixty


William Carey's Personal Signature


William Carey, "The Shoemaker Who Became 'The Father and Founder of Modern Missions'"


William Carey: "The Father of Modern Missions"


William Carey, Colleague of Dr. John Thomas


Scenes in Paulerspury, Northamptonshire: Site of William Carey's Birthplace and Youth


William Carey at His Desk with Brahmin Pundit


William Carey at His Desk with Brahmin Pundit 

(1853 version of American Baptist Publication Society)


William Carey and Brahmin Pundit (1887 version)


William Carey

(as represented in the late nineteenth century)


William Carey Bust in Agricultural Society of India

(Carey founded the Agricultural and Horticultural Society of India)


William Carey Bust, Serampore College

(Photo courtesy of Jon Brooke)


Indian Government Stamp First Day Issue, Honoring Dr. William Carey, (1993)

Detail of Dr. William Carey Stamp (right side)

Detail of Dr. William Carey Stamp (left side)

Brochure for Dr. William Carey Stamp

William Carey Hall, American Baptist Assembly, Green Lake, Wisconsin

This postcard photograph from the early 1950s is described as follows: "This 300 foot building which once served as a cattle barn, is now the headquarters for conferences in the Abbey Area.  It contains a cafeteria, conference room, auditorium with stage and rooms for 250 guests.  Color Photo by J. A. Fagan."


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Joshua Marshman


Joshua Marshman, D.D.


Joshua Marshman, Colleague of Carey and Member of "Serampore Trio"


Silhouette Image of Joshua Marshman

"Courtesy Derby City Libraries (Derby Local Studies Library)" and Ronald Ellis, Derby, England


Joshua Marshman, Early Leader in the Baptist Missionary Society


Hannah Marshman (1767-1847)

Wife of Joshua Marshman, a member of the Serampore Trio, Hannah became known for her work in starting schools for Bengali children (including females) in Serampore.  Arriving in India in 1799 and dying in Serampore in 1847, Hannah served as a Baptist missionary there longer (48 years) than anyone else directly associated with the Serampore Trio.

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William Ward


William Ward, Colleague of Carey and Member of "Serampore Trio"


William Ward as Portrayed in the Baptist Magazine, 1817


Rev.d William Ward, Baptist Missionary (ca. 1820)


Rev. William Ward


William Ward, 1769-1823

Baptist Missionary Society Engraving


William Ward

"Thomson Sculp.  Revd. William Ward"
"Courtesy Derby City Libraries (Derby Local Studies Library)" and Ronald Ellis, Derby, England


William Ward

"R.Baker Scupl.l
Revd. William Ward. Late of Serampore, Died March 7. 1823. Aged 53.
Engraved by Permission from the Original Painting by Overton, for Stennets, Life of Ward."
Handwritten note says: "also inserted in 'Simpsons History of Derby'"

"Courtesy Derby City Libraries (Derby Local Studies Library)" and Ronald Ellis, Derby, England


William Ward

"Revd. William Ward, Baptist Missionary of Serampore Engraved by Freeman for the New Evang. Magazine"
"Courtesy Derby City Libraries (Derby Local Studies Library)" and Ronald Ellis, Derby, England

William Ward

"Revd. William Ward.  Late of Serampore Died March 7.1823, Aged 53.
W Ward Engraved by Edwd. Scriven Historical Engraver to His Majesty from a Drawing by Thos. Overton, taken in 1820. London October 9th 1823. Published by Alexr. Smith, 11 Orange Street, Red Lion Square."

"Courtesy Derby City Libraries (Derby Local Studies Library)" and Ronald Ellis, Derby, England


William Ward

"Courtesy Derby City Libraries (Derby Local Studies Library)" and Ronald Ellis, Derby, England


William Ward

"Courtesy Derby City Libraries (Derby Local Studies Library)" and Ronald Ellis, Derby, England


Rev. William Ward (1769-1823)--Pioneer Baptist Missionary, printer extraordinary, and Serampore Trio member

(conceived and created by Ronald Ellis, Derby, England)


Mr. Ward Baptizing a Hindoo in the Ganges at Serampore
"Courtesy Derby City Libraries (Derby Local Studies Library)" and Ronald Ellis, Derby, England



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Baptist Missionary Society


Collage of William Carey, John Thomas, Andrew Fuller, William Ward, and Joshua Marshman with Their Personal Signatures


John Rippon, D.D. (1751-1836), Editor The Baptist Annual Register, 1790-1802

Engraving from the Baptist Missionary Society


Robert Hall, D.D. (1764-1831)

Pastor, Harvey Lane Church, Leicester, 1807-1826

Engraving from the Baptist Missionary Society


Widow Wallis House, Kettering, Northamptonshire, England

(site of the establishment of the Baptist Missionary Society)


Widow Wallis House, Kettering, Northamptonshire, England, late nineteenth century


Birthplace of England's Foreign Missions, Kettering (1885)  


Widow Wallis House, Kettering, Northamptonshire, England, 1906


Widow Wallis House, Kettering, ca. 1909. Postcard postmarked September 8, 1909 and addressed to Frank Freeman of Windsor.  Photograph taken by Spencer Percival, Press Photographer, at unveiling of commemorative plaque.


Widow Wallis House, Kettering, ca. 1909. Reverse side of postcard.


Widow Wallis House, Kettering, ca. 1912


Baptist Missionary Society Mission House in Kettering, 1920s


Cannon Street Chapel, Birmingham, England

Site of 1823 Formation of Auxiliary Baptist Missionary Society for Birmingham (for sending Gospel to the heathen)


Cannon Street Chapel, Birmingham, England (ca. 1905)

Opened in 1738, Rev. Samuel Pearce ("Seraphic" Pearce) was the pastor, 1790-1798.  In the second meeting of the Particular Baptist Society for the Propagation of the Gospel Amongst the Heathen, on October 31, 1792, the Cannon Street Chapel donated £70 to the mission cause.


Widow Wallis House, Kettering, Northamptonshire, 2002


Front Door of Carey Mission House (Widow Wallis House), 2002


Grave of Martha Wallis, Fuller Baptist Church, Kettering, Northamptonshire.


Bird's-Eye View of Kettering

Postal card, ca. 1900


Regent's Park College, London


Regent's Park College, London (smaller file)


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Serampore, India


King Frederick VI and Queen of Denmark, Friends and Protectors of the Serampore Missionaries


Plan of Serampore on the Hoogli


Christian Villagers in Serampore


Sheev Temple, Serampore


The First Brahman Who Preached Christ


Christian Villagers, Serampore 


Carey's Christian Village—Baptism in the Tank 


Serampore College, India


Serampore College (1887 version)


Serampore College, as seen in the 1880s


Serampore College, 1920s?

Issued by the Baptist Missionary Pictorial Postcards

Serampore College, ca. 1900

The Johnnagar Chapel, ca. 1900

    (Contemporary History)


Chapel at Serampore


Serampore College Danish Charter, Serampore, India

(The late Dr. Marjorie Rowden Kelly in photo)


Carey's Pulpit, Serampore


Ancient Chairs at Serampore


Carey Hall Serampore College, Serampore, India

(photo courtesy of Dr. Earl Kelly)


William Carey's Desk at Serampore, India

(Dr. Earl Kelly and a Serampore College Official in photo)


Mission House Where Dr. Carey Lived


Dr. William Carey's Grave in the Mission Burial Ground, ca. 1900


William Carey's Tomb, Serampore


Carey's Tomb 


Dr. George Howells

"Second Founder of Serampore College"

Principal, Serampore College, 1906-1929


    Howells Collection

        St. Andrew's Church, Dalhousie Square; Reverse post card message to a family member


Old Danish Church at Serampore in which Carey and his Colleagues Ministered (black and white) 


Old Danish Church at Serampore in which Carey and his Colleagues Ministered (color)

(Image courtesy of Ronald Ellis, Derby, England)


Danish Lutheran (now Anglican) Church, Serampore, 1885


Native Divinity Students, Serampore College 


The First Serampore College Bachelors of Divinity 


Serampore's Faculty and Students, 1914


Serampore College Hostel 


Quadrangle of Serampore College Hostel 


Serampore College Crest


The Serampore College


Carey's Official Residence and Back of the College


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Missionary Personalities


Martin Luther (1483-1546)

In the Enquiry (p. 35), Carey referred to Luther as opposing "popery" with the gospel.


John Knox (1514-1572)

Scottish reformer


John Eliot (1604-1690), Missionary to Native Americans    

Carey Relied on Eliot as a Model for His Own Missionary Identity


Cameo Portrait of John Eliot (1604-1690)


Rev. Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758), Missionary to Native Americans

Carey Relied on Edwards as a Model for His Theology and Missionary Identity


Rev. David Brainerd (1718-1747), Missionary to Native Americans

Carey Relied on Brainerd as a Model for His Own Missionary Identity


Rev. David Brainerd

Cameo Portrait


Christian Friedrich Schwartz

(1726-1798; Lutheran Missionary to India)


Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg

Cameo Portrait


Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg


Rev. Henry Martyn (1781-1812)

Martyn, an Anglican, arrived in India, 1806, and became a friend of Carey, Marshman, and Ward.


Rev. Henry Martyn (1781-1812), As a Young Man


Rev. Henry Martyn's First Attempt at Preaching the Gospel to Indians


Rev. Samuel P. Williams (1779-1826)

Born in Connecticut, Williams was an American Protestant minister, student of Dr. Timothy Dwight at Yale, and supporter of the missionary enterprise.


Felix Carey (1786-1822)

Son of William Carey, Felix was an accomplished Bengalee speaker and translator who went to Burma as a missionary.  This image illustrates the loss of his wife and children in a shipwreck.


Martyn Preaching to the Union's Ship Company on the Voyage to India, 1805


Martyn Attempting to Save a Woman from Suttee


Martyn and a Moonshee Translating the Bible


Martyn's Persian Testament in Danger of Destruction


Rev. Daniel Corrie

East India Chaplain to India, 1816, and First Anglican Bishop of Madras through the Church Missionary Society


Rev. James Peggs (Presentation Copy to Rev. Daniel Corrie, 1828)

Rev. James Peggs was a Christian missionary to Orissa, and he inscribed this presentation copy of his Suttees' Cry to Britain (1828) to Rev. Daniel Corrie.  


Robert Morrison, D.D. (1782-1834), First Protestant Missionary to China

Initially Supported by the London Missionary Society, later, Employed by the East India Company as a translator of Chinese.


Robert Morrison (cameo image)


Eustace Carey (1791-1855)

Nephew of William Carey, D.D., and author of the1836 Memoir of William Carey, D.D.  Eustace also was a Baptist missionary to Bengal, 1814-1825.


Adoniram Judson, Baptist Missionary to Burma and Friend of William Carey



Ann Hasseltine Judson, Wife of Adoniram Judson


Ann Hasseltine Judson


Richard Furman (1755-1825)

First President of the General  Missionary Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States of America for Foreign Missions (i.e., Triennial Convention)


J. D. G. Pike, BMS Missionary to Orissa and Friend of William Carey

(1784-1854; Secretary to the General Baptist Missionary Society)


J. D. G. Pike

"Courtesy Derby City Libraries (Derby Local Studies Library)" and Ronald Ellis, Derby, England


Alexander Duff, D.D., LL.D. (1806-1878)

Scottish by birth, Duff arrived in Calcutta in 1830, where he began a Christian school.


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Baptist Personalities: Great Britain, India, and America


Rev. Robert Hall, 1728-1791

Baptist Minister at Arnsby, Northamptonshire, England, and author of Help to Zion's Travellers, a favorite book of William Carey's


Rev. Robert Hall, 1764-1831

Baptist minister (1806-1826) at Harvey Lane Chapel, Leicester, England (Harvey Lane was the church that sent William Carey to India, 1793)


John Thomas, M.D., Surgeon, East India Company and First Baptist Missionary to Bengal


Dr. John Thomas, First Baptist Missionary to Bengal


William Staughton (1770-1829), One of the Founders of the Baptist Missionary Society

Author of The Baptist Mission in India, 1811


Andrew Fuller, Secretary of the Baptist Missionary Society

Click here for more information on Andrew Fuller.


John Fawcett, D.D., (1740–1817)

Particular Baptist Minister; Recipient of Brown University's D.D., 1810; and Author of Devotional Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, 1811


John Bunyan, (1628-1688)

English Baptist Minister and Author of Pilgrim's Progress, a Devotional Classic


"John Bunyan, the Allegorist"


John Bunyan in Chains as His Wife Pleads for Him


John Bunyan, Statue in Bedford, England


Bedford Jail where John Bunyan Was Imprisoned


Joseph Ivimey, (1773-1834)

English Baptist Minister, Author of a Biography on John Bunyan, and the four volume,  A History of the English Baptists


Christmas Evans (1766-1838)

Baptist Evangelist and Missionary in Wales, "Prince of Welsh Preachers" (Thomas Armitage, 1887)


Samuel Pearce (1766-1799), One of the Founders of the Baptist Missionary Society


Samuel Pearce (1766-1799), 1801 published portrait


English Baptist Ministers, Late 1780s or Early 1790s


Krishna Pal, First Christian Convert of the English Baptists in India

For an introduction to Krishna Pal's hymnwriting, click here.


John Ryland (1753-1825)

Ryland baptized Carey in the River Nene in 1783


Petumber Singhu

Indian Christian Convert from the Ministry of William Ward and Krishna Pal


Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857)

Led British troops in resisting the India Mutiny in 1857, and was baptized by John Mack at Serampore, April 4, 1830. 


Samuel Stillman, D.D, (1737-1807)

Longtime minister (1765-1807) of First Baptist Church, Boston, Massachusetts, Dr. Samuel Stillman wrote a letter on September 1, 1806, recommending to Brown University that William Carey be awarded the honorary Doctor of Divinity degree.  For images of this letter, click here: Obverse    Reverse    Address

Brown University, 1883, Collage


Francis Wayland, (1796-1865)

President of Brown University, 1827-1855

Compiler and Author of the Introductory Essay in the First American Edition of William Carey's Memoir (1836)


Thomas Baldwin (1753-1826)

First Secretary of the General  Missionary Convention of the Baptist Denomination in the United States of America for Foreign Missions (i.e. Triennial Convention)


Nicholas Brown, Jr. (1769-1841)

Alumnus, Philanthropist, Treasurer, and Namesake of Brown University

Rhode Island College was renamed Brown University in 1804 in honor of Nicholas Brown; in 1805, the University conferred the Doctor of Divinity degree on William Carey.


Rev. Joseph Belcher, b. 1794

Early biographer of William Carey, Belcher was born in Birmingham, England, and later served as pastor of Baptist churches in Canada and the United States.


Rev. John Williams (1767-1825)

Born in Wales, Williams immigrated to New York, New York, and was pastor of the Oliver Street Baptist Church [now Mariners' Temple Baptist Church].  During 1800-1816, Williams carried on an important correspondence with Dr. William Carey, which appears in Leighton and Mornay Williams, Serampore Letters: Being the Unpublished Correspondence of William Carey and others with John Williams, 1800-1816, With an introduction by Thomas Wright (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1892).  The significant role of John Williams in American missionary efforts is rehearsed on pp. iii-v.  A memoir of his life appears in "Sketch of the Life and Character of the Rev. John Williams," The American Baptist Magazine, New Series, Vol. V (September 1825):257-72.


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British Personalities


John Wycliffe (1330-1384)

English Reformer and Bible Translator

Interpreters often refer to William Carey as the "Wycliffe of the East."


Philip Doddridge (1702-1751), an Evangelical Dissenting Minister, Northampton, England


Philip Doddridge (1702-1751)


Dr. Doddridge's House in Northampton, 1751


Rev. Thomas Scott (1747-1821), Anglican Bible Commentator

Scott influenced young Carey in his coming to see himself as a fallen sinner.


Rev. Thomas Scott (1747-1821), another image


John Wesley (1703-1791)

Revivalist who, along with his brother Charles, effected the establishment of Methodism from within the Anglican Church of the eighteenth century.  William Carey considered Wesley a leader in the missionary movement, and referred to him in  An Enquiry into the Obligations of Christians to Use Means for the Conversion of the Heathens(portrait courtesy of Thoemmes Continuum, Bristol, U.K.)


George Whitefield (1714-1770)

Anglican evangelist who became an associate of John and Charles Wesley at Oxford.  Whitefield later joined John Wesley in Georgia, and became famous for his preaching in both the American Colonies and in England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland.  Whitefield helped initiate the Great Awakening.


Edward Gibbon (1737-1794)

Historian of the Roman Empire, critic of Christianity


William Roxburgh (1751-1815)

Eminent botanist, horticulturalist, and physician.  From 1793 until his death, Roxburgh was the Superintendent of the Botanic Garden in Calcutta, India.


Sir William Jones (1746-1794), Linguistic Scholar Upon Whom Carey Relied

British Orientalist and Comparative Linguist, who Asserted that Sanscrit and Greek Derive from a Common Ancestor


Charles Grant (1746-1823)

British Statesman, Director in the East India Company, and Advocate of Christian Missions to India


Rev. Claudius Buchanan, LL.D.

(Anglican Chaplain and Missionary to Bengal)


William Wilberforce


Rev. Sydney Smith

(Anglican Clergyman who wrote 1808 article in the Edinburgh Review critical of Serampore mission). 


Reginald Heber, D.D.

(1783-1826; Anglican Bishop of Calcutta)

To read some of Heber's famous quotations, click here or here.


Death Scene of the Anglican Bishop of Calcutta, Reginald Heber (1783-1826), a friend of Carey's

Heber is remembered for his hymn, "Holy, Holy, Holy."  Also, click here and here.


Daniel Wilson, D.D.

(Anglican Lord Bishop of Calcutta, 1832)


Princess Victoria (1819-1901), August 10, 1835

Queen Victoria, 1837-1901


John Clark Marshman (1794-1877) with Obituary        John Clark Marshman (image alone)

Son of Joshua and Hannah Marshman, John Clark Marshman was a journalist and historian, co-founder with his father of the Friend of India, and the author of numerous histories on British India.


Edmund Burke, British Member of Parliament, Political Philosopher, and Instigator of Warren Hastings' Unsuccessful Impeachment in 1787

(click here for a biography of Burke; Warren Hastings served as the British Governor-General of Bengal, 1772-1785, and he held the view that English standards of morality and law should not apply to Indian affairs.  For portraits of Hastings, click here.)


William Carey, D.D. (1769-1846)

Sometimes confused with William Carey, D.D., the Baptist missionary to India, this is an image of William Carey, D.D., most frequently remembered as the headmaster of Westminster School and, later, Anglican Bishop of Exeter and St. Asaph.


Marquess of Wellesley's Signature, 1833

(Prior to Wellesley's departure from Bengal in 1805, Carey helped persuade him to abolish some native cruelties [infanticide?].)


Lord Robert Clive

Governor, Bengal, 1755-1760; 1764-1767


Charles Marquis Cornwallis

Governor-General, British India, 1786-1793, 1805


The Right Hon. the Earl of Minto

Governor-General, British India, 1807-1813


Francis Rawdon-Hastings, Marquis of Hastings

Governor-General, British India, 1813-1823


Lord William Bentinck

Governor-General, British India, 1828-1835


Major General Sir Henry Havelock

Husband of Hannah Marshman (daughter of Dr. and Mrs. Joshua Marshman)


Warren Hastings

Governor-General, British India, 1774-1786

Hastings, 1782    Hastings, 1798   Hastings, 1803    Hastings, 1832    "Warren Hastings," Dictionary of National Biography (1891)


Sir David Baird

Discovery of the Body of Tippoo Saib at Seringapatam, India, May 4, 1799


The Right Hon. Lord Metcalfe

Lord Minto's Deputy Secretary, 1809-1810

Deputy-Governor of Bengal, 1833-1834

Provisional Governor-General, British India, 1835-1836


Richard, Marquis of Wellesley (as a young man)

    Governor-General, British India, 1798-1805


Richard, Marquis of Wellesley

Governor-General, British India, 1798-1805


The Right Hon. Lord Amherst

Governor-General, British India, 1823-1828


Arthur Wellesley, Field Marshal His Grace Duke of Wellington

British Commander against Tippoo Sultan at Mysore, India, 1799


William Pitt, the Younger (1759-1806)

    British Prime Minister, 1783-1801, 1804-1806


Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800-1859)   

Thomas Babington Macaulay (Another Portrait)

English Historian and Statesman

Serving on the Supreme Council of India, Macaulay lived in Calcutta, 1834-1838.  In his "Minute of 2 February 1835 on Indian Education," Macaulay argued for the superiority of western education, language, and literature in comparison to like categories in India.



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Great Britain


Friar Lane Baptist Chapel, Nottingham, England (Site of Carey's "Deathless Sermon")


Friar Lane Baptist Chapel Site, Nottingham, England, 1903


Plaque Commemorating Carey's Deathless Sermon, Nottingham, England, 1903


Harvey Lane Chapel, Carey's Pastorate in Leicester, England, 1789-1793


Carey Baptist Church, Moulton, Northamptonshire


Chapel in Nottingham, England, Site of Carey's Famous Sermon, May 30, 1792


Andrew Fuller's Birthplace


Interior of Andrew Fuller's Chapel, Kettering, England


Gravestone of Sarah Fuller, wife of Andrew Fuller, died 1792, aged 36. Fuller Baptist Church, Kettering, Northamptonshire.


South West View of Northampton, ca. 1770


Carey Memorial Baptist Church, Kettering, England


Kettering Parish Church, Kettering, England, 1843

(Anglican Church built in the 14th - 15th centuries)


Kettering Parish Church Nave, Kettering, England, 1843

(Anglican Church built in the 14th - 15th centuries)


All Saints Church, Kettering, Northamptonshire


Holdenby House, Northamptonshire, 1787

(About 400 years old, Queen Elizabeth I (1533-1603) stayed in this house, and the house was the prison for her successor Charles I.)


St. Sepulchre's Church, Northampton, England

(published by S. Hooper, 1784, this image shows an early 12th-century Norman church building)


St. Sepulchre's Church, Northampton, England

(20th century post card)


St. Sepulchre's Church, Northampton, England

(Photograph courtesy of Ronald Ellis, Derby, England)


St. Giles Church, Northampton, England

(20th century post card)


Queen Eleanor's Cross, Northampton

(20th century post card image of one of twelve memorials built for Queen Eleanor after her death in 1290.  Crosses were erected on the twelve sites where her body lay in rest on its journey from Nottingham to Westminster Abbey.)


The East India Company House

Leadenhall Street, London



Belvoir St. Baptist Chapel, 1845

Leicester, England


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Dr. Nathaniel Wallich (1786-1854)

Danish born physician and botanist.  Employed by the East India Company in Calcutta, Wallich was a good friend of Carey's.  Wallich also was superintendent of the Calcutta Botanical Garden, and Wallich and Carey both contributed to Flora Indica, vol. 2.


Rev. Abdul Masih, First Indian Clergyman in Anglican Church

Moslem Converted to Christianity through the Influence of Rev. Henry Martyn of the Church Missionary Society


Aaron, Ordained Indian Lutheran Minister, 1733

Converted in 1718 under the Christian missionary work of Bartholomew Ziegenbalg, Aaron ministered in the district of Tanjore.


First Mission House in North India, Dinajpoor


Carey's Mali, or Gardener


General View of Calcutta 


Kali Temple, Hindu Mosque on the Hooghly River near Calcutta

The Kali Temple was built in 1809 (or Dakhineswar Kali Temple, 1850s?), and is an ancient site of Hindu pilgrimage.


Temple of Juggernaut, Puri, India

This sacred temple was built about the year 1198, by Rajah Anonda Bheem Deb, in Orissa.  

William Ward, A View of the History, Literature, and Religion of the Hindoos: Including a Minute Description of their Manners and Customs, and Translations from Their Principal Works, II: 317 and II:318 describes the religious ceremony associated with the Temple.


Juggernaut Worship


Procession of the Juggernaut at the Hindu Festival of Rutt Jattra


The Rutt Jatthra, A Hindoo Festival Held at Juggernauth, in Orissa, from a Native Drawing, 1857


Hindoo Dance


Hindoo Fakeer Completing His Vow


Hindoo Festival


Hindoo Corpse


Indian Wedding Procession


A View of All Religions; and the Religious Ceremonies of All Nations at the Present Day in Four Parts. Part I. Christianity. Part II. Judaism. Part III. Mahometanism. Part IV. Paganism. Including an Abridgement of "The Idolatry of the Hindoos; Their History, Literature, Religion, Manners, and Customs, &c. by William Ward, D. D., of Serampore." With the Religion and Ceremonies of Other Pagan Nations. Compiled and Selected from the best Authorities, by Thomas Robbins, Minister of the Gospel in East-Windsor, Conn.  3rd ed., Hartford, 1824.

Procession of the Juggernaut Car

Hindu Dancing

Hindu Gods

Hindu Bathing in the Holy River Ganges

Hindu Penance Under the Banyan Tree

Hindu Fakeer Executing a Vow


View of Cawnpore from the Ganges River

(Rev. Henry Martyn, a friend of Carey's, preached at Cawnpore, 1809-1810)


Allahabad on the Ganges


Last Effort and Fall of Tippoo Sultan

Seringapatam, India, May 4, 1799


Charge of the Highlanders before Cawnpore (Kanpur), under General Havelock

(Sir Henry Havelock (1795-1857), who led British troops in resisting the India Mutiny in 1857, was baptized by John Mack at Serampore on April 4, 1830)


Capture of Lucknow


A Brahman Woman


A Hindoo Female, 1836


Calcutta - A View of the Hoogly, 1845


Calcutta, The Esplanade


View of Calcutta from The Esplanade


South Barrack, Fort William College, Calcutta


Bishop's College, Calcutta, 1833


Monsoon at Calcutta


Indian Bazar (i.e., Market) in Calcutta


Hindu View of the Universe


Brahma, the Hindu Deity of Creation


Shiva, the Hindu Deity of Destruction and Regeneration


Doorga, the Wife of Shiva


Krishna, Hindu Deity in Varied Incarnations


Kali, Hindu Goddess with Decapitated Sacrificial Victim


Kali, Hindu Goddess


Hindu Religious Ceremony with Self-Inflicted Tortures


An Indian Swinging Ceremony


Hindu Religious Devotion at Poojah

Iron Torture--Hindu Devotion

Walking on Coals--Hindu Devotion

Arm Sacrifice--Hindu Devotion

Body Sacrifice on Iron Bed--Hindu Devotion

Neck Sacrifice--Hindu Devotion

Serpent Worship


Praying to the River (Ganges)


A Hindu Wedding Procession




Suttee (another image)


Suttee, Early 1820s


Suttee, 1826

This is one of the most famous images of a suttee, and it appeared in James Peggs's 1828 essay The Suttees’ Cry to Britain.  Peggs was a Christian missionary to Orissa. 


Names, Castes, Date of Burning, Police Jurisdiction, etc., of Suttees in Various Zillahs of Bengal

Hindoo Widows.  Copies of Extracts of All Communications and Correspondence, Relative to the Burning of Widows on the Funeral Piles of their Husbands; With Such Proceedings as May Have Been Had Thereon, in the Court of Directors since the 5th July 1825; With a Detailed Statement of the Number of Suttees since the Year 1825; With Copies of All Reports, Statements, or Other Documents, upon the Subject; Which May Have Been Received in India, or by the East India Company, Which Have Not Already Been Presented. London: House of Commons, 1827.  Page 120.


Hindu Burial of Live Widows, 1820s


Mohammedan Festival of the Mohurrun


Extremes of the Caste System in India


An Indian Pundit


Bible Translators at Work in India


Rev. Henry Martyn's Pagoda, Serampur

(Martyn, an Anglican missionary and friend of Carey's, used this structure as a place of study)


Henry Martyn's Pagoda, Aldeen


The Baptist Mission Press, Calcutta, India


Matthew 4:16 in Various Eastern Languages


Christian Preaching in an Open Festival


Fort William, Calcutta, 1760


A Hindu at the Feet of His Spiritual Guru or Brahman


A Brahmin Reading the Shastre

A Native Indian Preacher

Rajah Seated upon Gold-Canopied Bed with Three Attendants (by Chataignon)

Hindu Carpenters

Krishna Pal, Carey's first Hindu Convert Worked as a Carpenter

Indian Washermen

Indian Ironworkers

Infanticide at the Ganges River, India

Infanticide in India, as Practiced in the Temple of Canesa, Benares

Infant Exposure in India

Calcutta Harbor from a Garden House View (1838)

Calcutta View from the Esplanade (ca. 1850)

View on the Ganges

Government House, Calcutta

Government House, Calcutta, 1827

Botanical Garden, Sibpore

Suttee of an Indian Widow (1846)

Funeral Pile of a Husband in Hindoostan

"Railways in India.--The Calcutta Railway," 1853


Scenes of India in the Early 1830s

This link includes twenty-five images from various locations in India.


Parsee Children in India

(for a description of the Parsees, click here)


Charlotte, The Hindoo Orphan

Founders of the National Missionary Society of India, 1905

Raja Rammohun Roy (Indian Government Stamp)

Brochure for Raja Rammohun Roy Stamp

Raja Rammohun Roy, 1772-1833   

Signature of Rammohun Roy

Images, ca. 1824


Rammohun Roy, 1772-1833

Image and Signature from The Precepts of Jesus, New York, 1825


Rammohun Roy (another image)

Ship Image in William Ward Memoir

William Carey Pulpit, Calcutta, India

(Dr. Earl Kelly in photo)


Lal Bazaar Chapel, Calcutta


Interior of Lal Bazaar Chapel, Calcutta


Henry Martyn's Pagoda


Contemporary "Expect Great Things; Attempt Great Things"--Hyderabad, India

(photo courtesy of Callie Carruth Harper)


Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941)

Bengali Poet and Recipient of the Nobel Prize for Literature, 1913

"Carey was the pioneer of the revived interest in the vernaculars.”


John J. Pool (Late of Calcutta) Scenes and Stories from the Land of Idols (London: Ward, Lock, & Bowden, Ltd., 1894).

    Ascetic at Kali Temple, Calcutta

    Brahma Bull and Zebu

    Brahmins at the Sacred Ganges

    Brahmins at Prayer

    Captain Cook Memorial, Hawaii

    Fakirs and Penitents in India

    Low Caste Indian Woman

    Santal Woman

    Street Barber in India   

    Washing in the Sacred Ganges   

    Women of Varied Castes in India

    Worship of the Sacred Ganges


Indigo Manufacture in Tirhoot, Bengal, 1869 (including text description)


Selected Scenes of India's Sites, Culture, and People from a 19th Century Missionary's Perspective


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Created:   January 11, 2001            Updated:   August 18, 2021